L’Observatoire des religions

Competition and Participation in Religious Markets : Evidence from Victorian Scotland

jeudi 18 décembre 2008 par Robert I. Mochrie ; John W. Sawkins ; Alexander Naumov

Abstract In 1885, the largest churches in Scotland were engaged in a dispute about state funding. We use data generated in the course of that dispute to test two related hypotheses. First, as market size (proxied by population) increases, the competitiveness (or complexity) of the religious market structure will not decrease. Second, religious activity, as measured by giving per member, church income and participation, will not decrease as market competitiveness (or complexity) increases. Empirical evidence lends support to the first hypothesis, but casts doubt on the second, and the supply-side theories underpinning it, which posit a causal link between increased competitiveness (complexity) and higher levels of religious activity. In interpreting the results the importance of a rich understanding of institutional arrangements—particularly market structure, governance and financing—is underlined.

Published in : Review of Social Economy, Volume 66, Issue 4 December 2008 , pages 437 - 467.

Keywords : competition ; institutional structure ; Presbyterian ; Scotland.

Affiliation : School of Management and Languages, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, UK

Accueil du site | Contact | Plan du site | En résumé | Espace privé | Statistiques | visites : 274675